Mission Information

AMADEE-20 is a Mars analogue simulation in the Negev Desert, Israel, managed by the Austrian Space Forum and hosted by the Israeli Space Agency taking place between October and November 2020.

Simulating Mars Human-robotic surface activities in terrestrial analogues has evolved into an efficient tool for developing exploration mission architectures. They facilitate the understanding of the advantages and limitations of future Human planetary missions, becoming an added value for the development of remote science operations, helping to understand the constraints and opportunities of the technology and work-flows.

The test sites will be selected for their geological and topographic similarity to Mars. The AMADEE-20 mission presents an excellent opportunity to:

  • Study equipment behaviour involving the simultaneous usage of instruments with the option of humans-in-the-loop (via two high-fidelity spacesuit simulators, portable system, etc.)
  • The development of platforms for testing life-detection or geo-science techniques, robotic support tools for human missions and concepts for high situational awareness of remote support teams.
  • Study the analogue as a model region for their Martian counterparts.
  • Serving as a catalyst to increase the visibility of planetary sciences and human exploration.
  • Evolving the know-how of managing human missions to Mars deploying a realistic model for Mission Support centre – Astronaut actions and the encompassing decision making framework.

End of Mission

The Mission was succesfully conducted and ended on the 31Oct 2021. As one of the main output documents we are proud to present the Mission Report to all of you. Please find the Report by clicking on the link below.

AMADEE-20 Mission Report


ACTUtilizing Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to improve participants’ psychological flexibility, stress and well-being, performance and error measuresGoldsmiths University of London, UK 
AEROSCANTest an autonomous solar-powered Vertical take-off and Landing (VTOL) drone for the Martian surface analysis and photogrammetry

University of Houston, USA

Airvision srl, Italy

AMAZEVisual-inertial Navigation for aerial Planetary Exploration for the NASA MARS2020 missionUniv. of Klagenfurt, Austria 
AOUDA (complementary)Aouda - analogue astronaut space-suit

Austrian Space Forum, Austria




Austrian Space Forum, Austria


EXOSCOTField exercise for the ESA Exomars mission’s remote science support teams

Joanneum Research Austria

Tech. Univ. of Graz,  Austria

FORTIS (complementary)Investigate the value of using the watch as a tool for Analog Astronauts (on EVA as well as unsuited inside the BASE).Austrian Space Forum, Austria 
GEOSGeological experiments including: Geosampling, Geomapping and Micrometeorite search.Austrian Space Forum, Austria 
HUMAINHuman-Machine Interface research for Space Suit Head-Up Displays. Testing different methodologies of data displaying, with a focus on situational awareness and risk perception. 

Austrian Space Forum, Austria

Delft Univ. of Tech, The Netherlands

INTER-FAM (complementary)With this study, the relationship between the MSC and the field crew (Analog Astronauts) will be analyzed. We use a survey to ask some questions to both the MSC and the field crew. In addition, we will analyze the text protocols.Bielefeld University 
INTERTEAMstudy of teamwork processes, effects of preceived taskloadUniversity of Bremen, Faculty of Business Studies and Economics, Business Psychology and Human Resource Management 

This study will investigate if the airlock or its sub-components can serve as a prototype of an airlock for Mars

Site in Progress

University of Bremen, ZARM -Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity 
MELT (complementary)zero-g compatible 3D printer from ESAESA 
MEROPRemote operation of planetary ground robots using advanced human-machine interfacesUniversity of Lisbon, Portugal 
MICROBIOMEInvestigating the development of astronauts microbiome during and after an isolation mission under Mars-analog conditions

Research Unit Comparative Microbiome, Helmholtz Center Munich, Germany

Technical University of Munich, Germany

Evaluation of Microbial Potential Contamination by A Human, Exploration Mission in an Isolated Environment, DNA analysis of contamination vectors

Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Tel Aviv University

Weizmann Institute of Science, Center for Planetary Science, Israel

MOVEEffect of Environmental Stressors on Frequency and Consistency of Bowel Movements among Mars Analog CrewNorwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway 
MSGExploring movement patterns in the mission environment and their relationship to self and group perceptions and feelingsEco-encounter therapy program in ENAV NGO, Israel 

An in-depth study, analysis, and optimization of Mars outpost units and subsystems design

The Desert Mars Analog Ramon Station (D-MARS) 
ROBOAUTO (complementary)Provision of teleoperation capability for Rovo 2 

The experiment aims to evaluate the potential use of a conversational user interface (CUI) for astronaut scientists in an extraterrestrial habitat

University of Bremen, ZARM -Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity 
ROVO2Rovo2 vehicle with 300 kg payload capacity.provided by Mattro 
PSYCHSCALEHuman Performance & Analog Mission Evaluation of Environmental Stressors via Anonymous Standardised Psychological Assessment Scale

International Space Univ., France

University of Oslo, Norway

University of Cadiz, Spain

NTNU, Norway


An eye diagnostic device is tested in Mars analog conditions

Site in Progress

German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute for Aerospace Medicine, Dept. of Clinical Aerospace Medicine 
SHARESituational awareness testing of analog astronauts during extra-vehicular activitiesEcole Nationale Supérieure de Cognitique,
Bordeaux INP, France
STEMRAD (complementary)The Israeli/US company Stemrad developing a radiation protection vest to allow the body to recover after exposure by shielding the bone marrow and other stem cell-rich organs.StemRad, Inc 
TUMBLEWEED-JRPStudent experiment on a wind-driven sphere with environmental sensorsAustrian Science and Engineering Students 
VFR-eFASTFeasibility of having analog astronauts perform a focused ultrasonography of the  abdomen and thorax (eFAST; extended Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma).

Lindesberg Hospital, Sweden

University Hospital of Cologne, Germany

European Society of Aerospace Medicine,

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